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Ocular Diseases

As a licensed therapeutic optometrist and a glaucoma specialist, Dr. Arora is trained and certified in the treatment of diseases that affect the eyes. We provide diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases that affects the human eye and visual system.

images (3)What ocular diseases are treated at Vision Arora?

Dry Eye Syndrome occurs when the normal flow of tears over the eyes is interrupted, or the tear film is abnormal. In many cases, dry eye syndrome is a life long problem. You can relieve the symptoms, but not cure the original cause. Artificial tear lubricants or in some cases blocking the tear ducts will concentrate the limited tears that are available. We offer this procedure utilizing a device called a punctal plug. For more information, call our office.

Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition when a diabetic person’s blood sugar is too high. High blood sugar levels start a series of events which end in damaged blood vessel walls. As such, the blood vessels begin to leak fluid or bleed, causing the retina to swell and form deposits know as exudates. Vision can be lost if these spots are not watched and treated. Here, at our office, we carefully examine the back of your eyes (via a dilated exam and retinal imaging) to follow and manage this and other important eye diseases.

images (5)Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye. This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens. When light enters the eye it gets scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred. There are many different types of cataracts, and with a comprehensive exam, early diagnosis and treatment can slow or even halt progression in many cases. For example, in cortical cataracts, the opacity forms first in the periphery of the lens and develops inward like spokes of a wheel. Most cataracts are due to normal aging of the eye but could also be associated with medical issues like diabetes and environmental UV exposure from the sun. Ultimately, the treatment is to remove the cataract lens and replace it with an acrylic lens. The best preventative measures are to wear UV protective lenses, sunglasses, and closely monitoring your health and vision. Dr. Arora also like to prescribe antioxidants and omega-3 fish oils that can aid in slowing progression of certain cataracts.

Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the central part of the back of the eye, the macula, loses blood circulation. It is considered a natural aging process. There is a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region. As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes. It is believed that this breakdown may be due to a lack of nutrients being supplied to the region. Additional studies have found a genetic link to this disease. Other risk factors are: Caucasian race, cigarette smoking, high-fat diet, female gender, and obesity. Treatment can range from better nutritional management, injections of anti-angiogenesis, or even performing laser surgery.

8981332_origKeratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped. The progression is usually slow and can progress from mild to severe. This cone shape creates distortion and increases as the cornea bulges and thins. The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing vision. Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with gas permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surfaces. Dr Arora uses newer contact lens technologies such as hybrid contact lenses which help improve comfort, tolerance, and vision in the keratoconus patient. If contact lens treatment is not successful, surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.
For additional questions CLICK on Frequently Asked Questions on Ocular Diseases.